Guide to flashing OpenWRT on a Wavlink Quantum D6 - with screenshots


Notes for anyone who wants a more detailed guide than the one on the official Wiki.

Download OpenWRT

Download the original firmware

Check the model number on your router. You can download the firmware from Wavlink directly. They have a specific firmware for WL-WN531A6-A and WL-WN531A6-C.

Make sure you download the correct one. You can also back up the original firmware from your router if you prefer.

Connect to the router

Power on the router, but don't connect it to your modem. Instead, connect it to your computer by Ethernet cable. The Ethernet cable will need to go into one of the LAN ports - not the WAN port. The router may take a few minutes to boot up.

In a web browser, visit http://192.168.10.1. The login screen should look like this:
Default login screen.
The default password is admin

If this is your first time using the router, you will need to go through the on-screen setup process.
Initial Set Up Screen.

Back up original firmware

This is an alternative to simply downloading from from Wavlink directly.

Click the setup icon at the bottom of the page.
The normal screen with lots of options.
Click the USB Storage link.
List of options.
The USB disk is mounted at sda.
USB Storage details.

In your browser, go to http://192.168.10.1/webcmd.shtml - this is a "hidden" area which lets you run Linux commands.

A command line screen.

Type the following line in the Command input box:

dd if=/dev/mtd4ro of=/media/sda/firmware.bin

Click Apply. After few seconds, you'll see this in the output box:

30080+0 records in
30080+0 records out

Type sync in the Command input box and click Apply.

Physically remove the USB stick from the router and put it in your computer. Verify that it contains a file called firmware.bin which is 15,400,960 Bytes in size.

Flash the OpenWRT firmware

From the main page, go to Setup, and then Firmware Upgrade. It should look like this:
The firmware upgrade page.

Note - if you haven't connected before, this page may be slow to load - because it tries to connect to http://fw.iqs.link/firmware/router/WN531A6-WAVLINK.js but the page will load eventually.

Upload the WN531A6.bin which you renamed earlier.

When you hit the apply button, it will take a few minutes.

Page showing an upgrade progress bar.

You need to wait until the rapid flashing red LED has been replaced with a solid blue light.

You can verify that the system has upgraded by SSH'ing into the unit with:

ssh root@192.168.1.1

Note! The IP address has changed to 192.168.1.1.

Set a password

After logging in via SSH, run passwd and set a secure password.

Install the rest of the firmware

Exit the SSH session.

On your machine, run:
scp openwrt-ramips-mt7621-wavlink_wl-wn531a6-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin root@192.168.1.1:/tmp
to transfer the upgrade firmware.

SSH back in using ssh root@192.168.1.1

Run:

sysupgrade -v /tmp/openwrt-ramips-mt7621-wavlink_wl-wn531a6-squashfs-sysupgrade.bin

This will take a few seconds, and then the router will reboot. Wait until it has stopped flashing red, and is solid blue.

If you try to SSH in again, it will fail becuase the host key has changed. Run:

ssh-keygen -f "~/.ssh/known_hosts" -R "192.168.1.1"

Then SSH in again with ssh root@192.168.1.1

You will need to set up a password again.

Install LuCi

By default, there is no web interface. For this step, you will need to connect the router to the Internet via its WAN port.

Once done, run
opkg update

That should download the list of all the software packages available for OpenWRT. Once done, run:

opkg install luci

Once that completes, you can visit http://192.168.1.1 in the browser:

The web login screen.

Let your configuration journey commence!


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