The Evoluent Vertical Mouse 4 costs close to £100. Let's get that out of the way. This is a pretty expensive mouse. Considering they give away basic USB mice with cornflakes, why would anyone spend the cost of a Kindle on a pointing device?
Let me explain...
"The two things you've got to spend your money on in life are your bed and your shoes; if you're not in one, you're in the other."
I have been prone to RSI in my hands and wrists. Seeing as I make my living using my hands to make computers do magical things, I think it's wise to spend money to protect my hands.
"The two peripherals you've got to spend your money on in life are your keyboard and your mouse; if your hands aren't on one, they're on the other."
I may detail my love of my keyboard - the Microsoft 4000 - in another post. For now, let's talk mice!
Or, skip straight to the Linux install instructions.
Three Generations of Mice
I'm in love with the Evoluent Vertical Mouse. I got my first (the generation 2) in 2007. A few years later I got a 3rd generation so I could use one at home and one at work.
Enter the 4th generation - the VM4R. There's a VM4L for those sinister south-paws, and a VM4S for those with smaller hands.
Here's all three of my mice playing together.
The VM4R is similar in size and shape to the previous versions.
It has a wider base and a larger lip to stop your finger from dragging along the desk.
No tech review is complete without an unboxing. Here's mine.
Impressively, Evoluent use "environmentally-responsible" packaging. Essentially a cardboard box and some bubble wrap. I was nervous that this wouldn't be enough to protect it in transit - but the mouse is pretty tough.
The box contains some brief instructions and a mini-cd containing Windows drivers.
There's just so much to love about this mouse! I'll contain myself to a few points.
Vertical = Less Pain
Pain and comfort are subjective. But since using the Vertical Mouse range, my wrists have been free of pain.
There are a vast number of reviews on the Evoluent website, including this one:
"The vertical mouse received very good feedback from the product testing. Our product testing team of physical therapists, ergonomists, MD's and administrators found the mouse to be comfortable, easily adaptable and promoted a neutral wrist/forearm postures."
Greg Ryan, University Health Services, University of California at Berkeley
I can't say that this will fix your health problems - and you should certainly see a doctor immediately if you're experiencing RSI - but this device has bought back the joy of computing for me.
My index finger is near worn out from 3 decades of clicking crappy mice. I'm now able to map the buttons so that my thumb can click. A lifesaver for me. As a bonus - anyone who sits at my desk finds themselves unable to fiddle with anything because they can't work out how to click!
The VM4R now comes with two thumb buttons. I'm not sure what use I'll put the other one to yet!
The Need For Speed
The VM4R comes with a dedicated button for switching the speed of the mouse pointer.
A simple click sets the speed which can easily be seen via the LEDs.
This is a vast improvement on the 3rd gen model where the button was underneath the device.
The advantage is that you can use a high-speed mouse so you don't have to move your wrist or arm very far as you go from one end of the screen to the other. It also means you can rapidly change to a lower sensitivity when you're working on something which needs very fine grained control - like pushing pixels in Photoshop. I imagine this mouse is great for gamers who require a fast reacting device.
There's very little that I would change with this mouse. I note three minor quibbles.
Scroll Wheel Clicking
Scrolling with the wheel makes a really loud clicking sound. With the 2nd generation mouse there was no clicking. The third generation lightly clicks as you scroll. The clicking on the VM4R is loud and, to my fingers, slightly stiff.
Personally, I prefer a free-spinning wheel. But it's not the end of the world.
Suitability of Chrome
Fingers sweat. It's not pretty, but there it is. Human skin leaks all kinds of gunk - some of which is corrosive. I found the surface of my 2nd generation mouse was gently worn away over time.
The 3rd gen mouse is made from a different material which doesn't seem to suffer from this problem.
The chrome on the VM4R looks lovely - but I wonder how long it will remain pristine. It's already picking up fingerprints.
There's no way to turn off the glowing Evoluent LED. I doubt it's much of a power drain, but it's the sort of thing that might get a bit annoying in the dark.
...and The Beautiful
It looks like a spaceship!
This is a gorgeous mouse. The lights, the chrome, the shape, all conspire to make it an eye-catcher. Expect to get lots of questions about it if you're in a busy office.
Buy It Now
I have absolutely no hesitation in recommending the Evoluent line of pointing devices.
You can buy the Evoluent VM4R from Amazon (affiliate link) or directly from Evoluent (although international shipping is expensive).
The upgrades in VM4R are impressive - but if you don't often need to change pointer speed, or use thumb buttons, buy the VM3.
The basic mouse functions work automagically in Linux (tested on Ubuntu 9.10 and higher). The buttons are responsive, the wheel scrolls, changing the pointer speed works, etc. A point to note is that the the wheel click does not paste - to get that, you'll need to remap the buttons.
Remapping the buttons is slightly trickier, however. Not least because of Ubuntu's seemingly random changes to how it handles pointing devices. If you're happy with the buttons just as they are, you'll be fine. If you need to remap the buttons due to mobility issues, read on....
A quick "xinput list" gives us the device name.
"Evoluent VerticalMouse 4" id=8 [XExtensionPointer] Type is MOUSE Num_buttons is 14 Num_axes is 2 Mode is Relative Motion_buffer is 256
Despite reporting 14 buttons, there are only 6 physical buttons available.
xinput query-state "Evoluent VerticalMouse 4"
tells us which buttons are being pressed down. Here are the results (the brackets signify the action, if any, that happens when you click the button).
- Index Finger (Left click)
- Ring Finger (Middle click)
- Little Finger (Right click)
- Scroll Up
- Scroll Down
- Top Thumb
- Wheel Click
- Bottom Thumb
Remapping The Buttons
There are two ways of remapping buttons. The lazy way and the correct way.
The "Lazy Way" - xinput
We can use xinput to set which buttons do what. The command is pretty simple
xinput set-button-map "Evoluent VerticalMouse 4" 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Button 1---| | | Button 2---| | Button 3---|
So the first number is what you want Button 1 to do. So, if you want your index finger to be the wheel-click, and all other buttons to stay the same, the command is
xinput set-button-map "Evoluent VerticalMouse 4" 9 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
I like to have my thumb be the clicker, the wheel click paste, my ring finger right click, the index finger and little finger do nothing. So I use
xinput set-button-map "Evoluent VerticalMouse 4" 0 3 0 4 5 6 7 1 2
You can get that command to ruin at start-up. Different versions of Linux will do it differently - I've detailed some of the ways you can do this in Ubuntu in the forums.
The "Correct Way" - Xorg.conf.d
Ubuntu has an annoying habit of switching around how you configure the mouse - and no easy way to configure it graphically! This method should work on Ubuntu 10.10 and 11.04.
Running lsusb tells us that the USB ID is
Create a new conf file
sudo nano /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/90-evoluent.conf
Use the following as a template
Section "InputClass" Identifier "Evoluent" MatchUSBID "1a7c:0191" Option "ButtonMapping" "0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 10 11" EndSection
Substitute your own USB ID and preferred button mapping.
Hey presto! Your buttons are mapped.